What is Montessori style education?

2016.06.30

Do you know what the “Montessori method”, the educational style that the founders of Amazon and Wikipedia received, is?
The “Montessori method” is currently receiving interest and being implemented around the world.
In this article, we will introduce the “Montessori method”.

The history of the “Montessori method”

A female Italian doctor named Maria Montessori invented the “Montessori method”.
As a doctor, Montessori researched how to educate mentally disabled children and found that providing them with sensory education helped improve their intellectual level.
She later developed and executed this new teaching style on normal children from poor families who were living at a children’s home.
This teaching style, which was introduced in 1907, is currently being implemented and proving to be successful around the world.

The goal of the Montessori education

The goal of this educational style is to help growing and developing children become independent, competent, responsible and compassionate long-term learners.
In order to reach this goal, Maria Montessori spent a lot of time observing children and incorporated what she learned into the educational style.

What is included in the Montessori education?

The main concept of the “Montessori method” is to provide a safe learning environment where children can study and explore at their own pace.
During the growth period, children’s interests and intentions change frequently and they need to be in an environment where they can explore and learn new things.
Montessori, who focused on brain physiology, called these “sensitive periods”.

Within the “sensitive periods”, access points for exercise, feeling, order, spoken words, written characters, numbers, culture exist and children find the “sensitive period” that encourages their physical, emotional and cognitive growth.

During Montessori schooling, children work on individual projects and search for “sensitive periods” that will help encourage their development.
Instead of being put in a group and moving with one’s peers, children are required to think by themselves and develop their own projects and schedules.

Teaching aids used in Montessori education

In a Montessori classroom, the teacher’s role is to guide the children in their individual learning and provide the appropriate learning environment for each child.
As a result, it is important for the teacher/school to provide teaching aids that children can easily pick up and explore.<

The teaching aids are categorized into 5 areas based on the “sensitive periods” (everyday life practice, sensory education, language education, mathematical education and cultural education).

Developing relationships with other children is also important and children are placed in mixed age groups and encouraged to develop their social skills and cooperate with their peers.
This is labeled as “vertical education” in kindergartens and daycares.
Children learn a lot from working with children who are younger and older than them.

Montessori education at the home

Even if your child is not participating in Montessori education at school, if parents understand the concepts they can provide a similar environment in their home.
By respecting your child’s independence, your child will learn to think on his/her own and take actions that he/she feels are important.

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